Managing a modern company involves implementing tested and effective concepts of streamlining production. Looking into the main assumptions of popular philosophies, that are used in the multiplicity of the lines of business, one can notice a quest for improvement as well as a fight against wasting materials. So how does creating work centers according to Lean Manufacturing work?
What is a work center?
In the most confine way, a work center can be described as a group of consecutive processes, where people from certain job positions as well as the machines, placed next to each other, take part in. As a result, there is a cycle of particular phases of creating products or of the realization of certain services. The main characteristics of work centers is a proper technological arrangement, based on the rule of the analogy of the consecutive operations. Apart from that, there is also a way of organizing work centers, that are arranged by their conformity with the structure of the subjects, i.e. connecting job positions into homogeneous groups (due to which a single item of the product flows freely between the manufacturing workers).
How does the Lean Manufacturing work?
Lean Manufacturing is a remarkable system among different ways of managing production in companies. Its main purpose is to implement the common rule of fighting against wastage on all production levels. In order to accomplish that, the surplus of unnecessary operations and tasks is limited and what’s more, the supply of gathered materials is minimized. Lean Manufacturing philosophy convinces to successively implement the work standardisation, organize activities that favor the development of working staff as well as streamline systems of terminable deliveries. In addition, using Lean Manufacturing in a company, focuses on the decentralization of decision-making processes, performing the quality control of the production on its every level, and reducing supplies to the minimum. Moreover, the most relevant thing about implementing Lean Manufacturing is the quest for continued improvement of production process as well as the skills of workers of all departments.
Work centers according to Lean Manufacturing
Implementing Lean Manufacturing to the pattern of creating work centers, requires proper preparation, which allows to discern the most important problems in the functioning of the company, particularly with regard to the remodelling of the production line. The best solution is to position work centers as in the presented model, starting from choosing the family of commodities or services, outlining the prevailing operating mode of the machines and looking into the length and the efficiency of all production stages. Next step should involve considering the positioning of the equipment (the arrangement of the machines), that meets the key function in improving organization of the whole company. In order to streamline the flow of a certain product, very often the U-shape collation is applied. Apart from the arrangement, a suitable work distribution is very important, which is determined in conformity with the division of the sum of the times of the processes in the work center within the time of the cyclic schedule. Due to this, it is possible to equally distribute responsibilities and determine the right order of action of the operators of the machines.
Nowadays, a lot of companies try to introduce effective and verified concepts of production, such as Lean Manufacturing. Implementing this rule into the project of creating work centers makes the work of the machines and their operators faster as well as decreases the financial cost and cuts the quantity of the collected supplies. The Lean Manufacturing philosophy also fosters the innovative thinking, encourages the professional development of the employees, what in turn has an influence on increasing the quality of the products the company offers.