Nowadays, the industry field is developing intensely, thanks to applying more and more advanced technologies. The automatization of particular phases of production makes companies work more dynamically and in more organized way. What machines are used for metal processing?
What is metal processing?
Innovative solutions in the industry allow to get diverse results, also with regard to metal processing. With proper equipment and by using experience of the workers in practice, you can without any problems start modifying chosen raw materials on a broad scale. To put it simple, metal processing can be defined as a technological process that focuses on the change of the parameters of the original metals, such as its shape, dimensions and chemical and physical properties. In order to achieve desired effects, the conducted process must involve a set of phases, which gradually change the consecutive features of the metals.
Types of metalworking
Considering certain types of metal processing, we can differentiate for example:
- Plastic working – that includes changing a present shape of metals. It is conducted in cold (cold working) or hot conditions (hot working) depending on the technological possibilities. The basic phases of plastic working involve forging (conducted manually or mechanically), pressing, drawing and bending.
- In case of heat treatment, which is used most often while modifying steel, as a result of a thermic process, the foregoing structure of the alloy changes (mainly the external layer, and what is equally important – its properties – e.g. the highest rigidity of the material is obtained as a result of hardening process).
- Mechanical working – also called machining, focuses on milling, rolling and sanding in order to obtain any dimension and shape of the object.
Machines used for metalworking
More and more advanced metalworking in the particular phases is possible due to the usage of modern tools. Functional machines make preparing metals to achieve their final form faster and more efficient. As an example of machines used for metalworking, we can indicate sheet-metal brakes, that in an efficient way, through the fitted force of pressure, are able to iron, compress or bend the material so it gets a new form. Besides, in metal business, milling machines are used not only to enable working on flat and long elements, but also to create items from metal or plastic in a very precise way and in compliance with all of the requirements concerning the quality of the products. Apart from innovative sheet-metal brakes, milling machines, lathes (lathes centers), that you can find a whole spectrum of models on the market, there is also grindstones to planes, rollers and slots as well as the cutting machines to cut e.g. sheet metals, (plasma cutting, laser beam or water). Thanks to the newest controlling of these machines – CNC controlling (Computerized Numerical Control) and CAM software that supports the process of creating tool tracks, it is possible to make very complicated elements with great precision and repeatability by using these machines. Their intuitive service allows to program the equipment accordingly to your current production plans. Modern technology of the machines makes manufacturing specific elements faster, while the serial production does not require an investment in additional tools.
Professional and more and more functional machines for metalworking, enable efficient work of companies in the metal field. The biggest precision in tweaking particular products guarantees improvement of their final quality and durability. Sheet-metal brakes, milling machines, lathe centers and integrated machines that include complete metalworking, make the work of all employees more effective, thereby lowering their input of labor through a significant automatization of work.